The Eye of the Tiger and the Three Internal Harmonies -- Spirit is the Beginning of It All

Ken-Spars-1983-EyeofTigerDid you ever find yourself in a situation where a bigger bully attacked you and it was clear that you didn't have a chance? Have you ever been frightened and covered up to protect yourself?

Here is another question. Have you ever found yourself in a position when you had to defend yourself and you were determined to win?

There is a big difference between those two situations, and the difference is Spirit.

In the internal arts, Spirit is called "Shen." It is the "emotional mind."

The Three Internal Harmonies begin with Spirit. The state of your emotional mind combines with your Mind/Intent ("Yi" -- pronounced Yee). Shen is often called the "emotional mind" while Yi is sometimes called the "wisdom mind."

Think of one of the greatest fighters in history -- Muhammad Ali. Think of his attitude when he entered a fight. Confident, bold, smart, ready and willing to rumble.

Then think of a time when you were sparring -- or perhaps in a fight in school or on the street -- and you were not confident, not sure of your toughness, and afraid you were going to be defeated.

This is the difference between strong and weak Spirit.

You can train spirit when you are practicing. If you practice weak technique and fail to push yourself toward excellence and precision, you have weak Spirit. But if you push yourself to be stronger, faster, and precise and powerful with your mechanics and techniques, even when you are just practicing, you train your Spirit to be strong.

Sometimes, I get on students for having weak Spirit. They just sleep-walk through their techniques in a sloppy way. Sometimes, I can tell a student's spirit is weak when he expresses doubt in his ability to defend himself.

TourneyOne student spent years training, but he was unable to solve his own poor self-esteem. He constantly put himself down and said he would be unable to defend himself in a real fight. Early on, he competed in tournaments, but he was defeated time after time, and it became a vicious cycle -- he did not have the Spirit to win and he did not win. He gave up and stopped competing.

"I can point the way," I told him many times, "but I can't take you there. You have to understand and believe that you can do this."

When I find myself in a situation that could potentially require self-defense skills, I instantly adopt the Eye of the Tiger. I am calm but ready, and I will not be defeated. It is this Spirit that helped me win fights when I was younger and tournaments when I was older. 

When rapists are targeting victims, they look for women who appear to have weak Spirit. Women who are confident and appear strong are passed by in favor of victims who look like they will not fight back.

In Tai Chi, Hsing-I and Bagua, your Spirit and Intent combine, then your body mechanics, body structure and technique are directed to achieve the Intent. If your mechanics and technique are right, your Chi is flowing. In this way, the Yi leads the Chi. Your mind's intent leads the body mechanics and technique. 

When you are determined, and have good technique, your Strength (Li) happens naturally. Strong Shen and Yi and good Chi cannot help but generate strong Li.

This is the meaning of the Three Internal Harmonies. It is not mystical. Chi does not mean a mystical invisible energy flowing through meridians in your body. It means proper structure, mechanics, and technique. Strength is the result of a strong mind and a precise body.

By training seriously, pushing yourself toward precision, power, and good conditioning, and sparring with a variety of partners to develop your self-defense skills, proper Spirit should come naturally.

But I can't take you there. I can only point the way. Your Spirit is unique and lives within you.

Finally, do you want to see a great example of Spirit? It is embodied in a small French bulldog who could have been eaten by two big bears that invaded his yard. But his Spirit and his Intent produced some powerful Chi. It is a funny video, but it truly drives home the point. Do you have the Spirit of this bulldog?  


12 Animals of Hsing-I Chuan -- DVD Now Available for 2-Day Amazon Prime Shipping

12 Animals DVDI have been making my instructional DVDs available for the Free 2-Day Shipping with Amazon Prime, and the latest to be offered this way is my "12 Animals of Hsing-I Chuan" DVD.

The DVD takes an in-depth look at each of the 12 short individual animal forms of traditional Hsing-I (also spelled Xingyi). Each movement is broken down, and extensive fighting applications are shown for each of the animals.

The 12 Animal forms are:

1. Dragon

2. Tiger

3. Monkey

4. Horse

5. Chicken

6. Harrier (Hawk)

7. Swallow

8. Water Lizard

9. Chinese Ostrich

10. Snake

11. Eagle

12. Bear (Eagle and Bear are combined into one form)

Each of the animals has its own "essence" for fighting. The DVD includes 2 hours of instruction, including:

** Demonstrations of each form.

** A breakdown of each movement with an emphasis on internal body mechanics.

** Fighting applications of each movement that will enable you to use the 12 animals in real self-defense.

These are short forms but they are challenging and physically demanding. I teach them to students who have reached "black sash" level.

Here is the link to my "12 Animals of Hsing-I Chuan" DVD on Amazon. Check it out if you are an Amazon Prime member. 

 


Do You Understand the Body Method ("Shen Fa") of Your Martial Art?

Body Method
Colin Frye and Chris Miller work on Xingyi body methods with fighting applications.

What does the term “body method” mean when it comes to Xingyiquan, Taijiquan and Baguazhang? The Chinese term for body method is “Shen Fa.”

Putting it simply, body method is the way you train your body to move in practicing an art so you achieve the result of moving in this same way when you do self-defense. It involves structure, body mechanics, and concepts for receiving and discharging force.

Each art has distinct ways of training, but I have broken some of the key body mechanics down, and I teach those body mechanics as a way to begin developing the body method for effective internal arts.

The six key body mechanics include:

  1. Establishing and maintaining the ground path at all times.
  2. Maintaining peng jin at all times.
  3. Using whole-body movement.
  4. Silk-reeling energy connected through the entire body.
  5. Dan T’ien rotation.
  6. Opening and closing the kua.

When you develop these six body mechanics as you train the various exercises, forms and fighting concepts of the internal arts, you develop the body method.

Ken Hsing-I 2-25-06 Web
Ken performing Xingyi at a tournament in 2006.

For example, holding the San Ti stance in Xingyi. With proper instruction, it teaches you to drop your energy, to root, to establish the ground path, peng jin, and develops leg strength, a solid base from which to move. Some people also use Standing Stake (Zhan Zhuang) in their Xingyi practice, but holding San Ti accomplishes the same thing. Other teachers have various training methods and exercises to help develop the body method.

When you learn the fist postures, you learn to move in a connected way, using whole body movement and maintaining the ground and peng even when exploding forward to take an opponent’s ground. You learn Dan T’ien rotation and opening/closing the body. And you learn how to apply all these mechanics and delivering power through opening the body and closing the body, in rising and in falling, in crossing, at angles, and in moving straight.

This body method is developed as you work on your forms, but the test comes when you apply it against a partner.

Working with partners in two-person drills helps you develop further, and then you should incorporate light sparring into the mix. As your experience and skill grows, your sparring can include a bit more contact.

Along with body mechanics and structure, sparring also allows you to develop the proper intent – the proper “spirit” of Xingyi – which should be confident, strong and willing to explode through an opponent and take his ground.

When most of us are new to martial arts, we react to someone attacking us with tension – by “rising” up with the body and tensing the muscles. Our mind scatters and we are often overwhelmed by the information our brain is receiving, not to mention our mind’s refusal to believe we are being attacked. Quite often, our reaction is to cover up, hoping the attack stops.

When you develop the body method and the proper intent of Xingyi, you react differently – sinking your weight, establishing structure and instantly adopting a mindset of driving your opponent off his ground – and driving his head off his shoulders.

I have been involved in martial arts now for nearly 42 years. We all start with the desire to improve our self-defense skills. And even as we grow older, as the arts evolve into something beyond simple self-defense, it is common to go through “what if” scenarios in our minds when we are out in public. “What would I do if this guy suddenly took a swing at me,” or “What would I do if that group of guys came rushing at me?”

I study three internal arts, but Xingyi is the one that I use when I visualize those “what if” scenarios. As I think through these visualization drills, I also visualize my body moving in the way I have trained it to move when doing Xingyi.

The body method of Taijiquan has some similar qualities to the body mechanics of Xingyi, but it also includes many different ways of moving that you don’t find in the more explosive art of Xingyiquan. It includes methods of dealing with an opponent's force and controlling an opponent's center that are sometimes unique and more subtle than Xingyi.

The body method of Baguazhang has certain mechanics that are also common to Taiji and Xingyi, but it also involves unique ways of moving, twisting and walking. It also involves concepts of dealing with force and controlling the center that are subtle like Taiji.

The concept of Shen Fa -- Body Method -- is fairly new to Western students of the internal arts. Quality internal arts instruction has only arrived in the United States during the past 20 years or so. 

Can you summarize the body method of the art you are studying? If you can’t, you should ask your instructor for help in understanding it. 

Two DVDs that help you start developing body method are the Internal Strength and Silk-Reeling DVDs. They contain exercises and concepts that provide the foundation for all three of the internal arts.


Important Internal Body Mechanics Come Together in Silk-Reeling Exercises for Tai Chi

SRE Workshop 2
Leading a workshop on Silk-Reeling Energy March 7, 2015.

When I had my first class in Tai Chi as a student, I had been involved in martial arts for 15 years. Tai Chi was different. For more than a decade, I studied Yang style, and I was taught that I should be relaxing and "cultivating chi." Then I met Jim and Angela Criscimagna, my first Chen style teachers, and I realized within an hour that I had to start over.

The body mechanics of real Tai Chi are very different than other "hard" martial arts that I had studied. I had been a student of Shaolin, Taekwondo, Wushu (Tien Shan Pai), and I had practiced karate on my own. I had also studied Xingyi, Bagua, and, as I mentioned above, Yang Tai Chi.

Nothing prepared me for the nuances and subtlety of Chen family Taijiquan. Over time, as I learned from Jim and Angela, the late Mark Wasson, and masters such as

SRE Workshop 1
Explaining how to establish the ground path with John Morrow and Ron Frye.

Chen Xiaowang, Chen Xiaoxing, Ren Guangyi and others, I began to isolate six crucial body mechanics that you should know to get started. Another major influence was Mike Sigman and the knowledge about ground path and peng jin that he was spreading, in workshops, videos and online writings.

There are many skills to learn as you study Tai Chi, Bagua, and Xingyi, but over a period of 20 years, as I was learning and teaching, these six body mechanics rose to the top, in my mind, as the most important for internal movement:

  • Establishing and maintaining the ground path
  • Maintaining Peng Jin at all times
  • Whole-Body Movement
  • Silk-Reeling (spiraling movement through the body)
  • Dan T'ien Rotation
  • Opening and closing the Kua

These six body mechanics are explained and demonstrated on my membership website and on my Internal Strength DVD, which I am revising and updating this week. If you have not been taught this information, you should learn it before trying to move forward in your practice. There are many internal students, especially Yang style students in the world who have no idea of the body mechanics required by Tai Chi.

SRE Workshop 6
Silk-Reeling exercises, like all movements in Tai Chi, have self-defense applications.

On Saturday, I taught a workshop on Silk-Reeling Exercises, giving participants a glimpse of each of the body mechanics and how they come together in these exercises. The video from the workshop will also be on my website.

Silk-Reeling Energy is also called "San Ssu Jin" or San Ssu Chin." But do not be fooled by the word "energy." The way the word is used in the internal arts, it does not mean some mystical energy coursing through your body -- "energy" is a method of dealing with force. There are many "jins" or energies in Taiji and Bagua. Each of those jins is a different method of dealing with your opponent's force. They are physical skills that anyone can learn with proper instruction and a lot of practice.

There are many physical things to work on when practicing the internal arts, such as keeping the head up, keeping the shoulders and hips level, the internal and external harmonies, remaining relaxed but ready -- but your internal arts cannot have quality unless you understand these six body mechanics.

I was lucky to receive very good instruction from my Chen style teachers, but as I started teaching with this new information that I learned about body mechanics through Chen Taiji, I wanted to break it down in a way that made sense to me and to new students, isolating these body mechanics and looking at each of them in every movement. It still takes many years to develop skill. I am still trying to get better at all of it.

In the next couple of weeks, in a series of blog posts, I will revisit each of the individual body mechanics and discuss them. Subscribe to this blog to receive them as they are published. If you are in a hurry, check out the Internal Strength and Silk-Reeling DVDs (links above) or try two weeks free in my membership site to explore videos and ebooks on these mechanics and principles.

 


Board-Breaking with Tai Chi - Hsing-I - Bagua - and the One-Inch Punch

We like to have fun in my practices. A couple of nights ago, we took three rebreakable boards of different strength and practiced the following:

** Dropping Power

** The One-Inch Punch

** Movements from Tai Chi, Hsing-I and Bagua forms

We don't make board-breaking a regular part of our classes, but occasionally it's important to make sure you are focusing power for self-defense, even with internal movements.

At the end of the video, we do breaks with two or all three of the boards together. I hope it's as much fun to watch as it was to do.

 

 


San Ti - How to Practice Xingyiquan's Most Important Stance - Download the Video

By Ken Gullette

Ken Hsing-I 2-25-06 Web
Performing San Ti as part of a Xingyi form at a tournament in 2005.

The most important stance in Xingyiquan (Hsing-I Chuan) is called San Ti (pronounced "Sahn Tee"). It means "trinity" and focuses on three main points:

1. The hip is over the rear heel

2. The front knee is over the forward heel

3. The front fingers are over the forward toes.

Also, more of the weight is on the rear leg (about 70%). Relax your weight and sink. Relax the shoulders. The front hand has the palm forward, aimed at your opponent. Some schools have the palm actually facing forward and some slant it to varying degrees. The rear hand is palm down. The thumb on the lower hand is pointed at the Dan T'ien.

This is an excellent posture for building leg strength. You will find when you start practicing San Ti that your legs are burning after a short time, particularly the rear leg. Switch to the other side and hold it until the other leg burns.

In some traditional Chinese schools, beginning students were required to come to practice and hold this stance -- and learn nothing else -- for months, sometimes years. I'm sure they were SOLID in their San Ti after that.

If you practice this stance a little longer each time, your legs will grow stronger and will give you a good foundation for quality Hsing-I.

My DVD on the Five Fist Postures shows you how to do San Ti.

I also have a short video that teaches San Ti that you can download for only 90 cents. Click the button below to get video instruction of this important basic stance that forms the foundation of "Mind Shape Boxing."

Download and Own the San Ti Instructional Video - Running Time 3:45 

 


Tai Chi, Bagua and Hsing-I - The Difference Between Fighting and Art

Black-Dragon-1I received an interesting email from a website member in the United Kingdom. It started as a discussion about Hsing-I and the relationship of the Five Fist Postures to the 12 Animals. It went on from there to discuss the evolution of fighting movements into art.

In our 21st Century, MMA-obsessed culture, traditional arts are often criticized or brushed off as ineffective. That's pure B.S. of course, another one of those "my style is better than your style" type of arguments.

These are called martial "arts" for a reason. The styles that I study are internal martial "arts." The movements in Hsing-I, Tai Chi and Bagua can be used for fighting, but the word "art" is part of the name. Over the past 40 years of practicing, the reason has become more clear to me.

Black-Dragon-2Let's look at a movement in the Bagua Swimming Body form called "Black Dragon Slashes Its Tail." It's part of the 3rd section of the form. I just put a long video lesson up on the website last week with detailed instruction. This movement involves a sideways step and a coiling of the right arm, then a cross-step and a coiling of the left, then a coiling of the right arm and a strike with the left in a cross-step.

You don't have to perform the movement artfully in order to pull off some fighting moves. The self-defense applications can be practiced without looking real good. In fact, applications are never as "pretty" as a form.

But to do the movement well in a form requires a flowing, connected energy from the ground, spiraling through the body, turned by the Dan T'ien and flowing through the legs, body, shoulders, elbows and hands. How well am I using silk-reeling through the body? How well am I connecting the ground with whole-body movement? Am I spiraling from the leg through the body, shoulders, elbows and hands in a flowing, connected way? Learning and practicing the body mechanics to do the movement in a beautiful, connected way is the art. It also makes your application more powerful. Building skill takes hard work and time (the very definition of "Kung-Fu"). It also takes time to learn the self-defense applications well, but you don't have to look good to do that. You just have to be effective.

Black-Dragon-3I was watching a video online of the founder of Aikido. It reminded me how unrealistic a lot of fighting applications are when they are dependent on students who are playing along. Demonstrating these movements helps explain concepts, but where we go astray is when we think that even what O'Sensei (or any teacher) uses in a demonstration is effective against a motivated adult who is attacking you to do violence. A lot of fights can be ended with one good punch. The simplest techniques are often the best. But concepts such as  the sphere of power or the capturing of an opponent's center are important and must be shown.

In my own videos, I try to make the applications realistic. I'll admit when an application would be difficult to use in a real fight, but I will teach it if the concept is solid. Sometimes, an application is more "art" than fighting. It's okay as long as you understand that. There are some Bagua videos that I see where a student punches and the teacher deflects the punch, snakes his arm around the student's neck, and then gets him into a choke or a throwing position with very little reality-based response from the student. Naturally, they're not going to make it difficult for the teacher as a real opponent will. But the video is useful in showing you concepts of the art.

For those of us who have been in real fights, we know that some of these moves are extremely difficult against a motivated adult. At the very least, you would have to soften them up with other techniques (punches, knees, elbows, kicks) to employ the element of surprise in pulling off the more complex movements. So you have to keep this in mind when watching movements and demonstrations of fighting applications. In fact, at your next practice you should put on some pads and tell your partner not to play along. Then try to do some of the more complex moves of your art. I guarantee a big difference if your partner is not cooperating.

I never expect to be in another real fight. I am prepared if that happens, but over time, your focus shifts. When I began studying in 1973, I wanted to learn self-defense and philosophy. As I learned self-defense, my confidence grew. Now, I love to improve my internal mechanics to smooth out my movements so they flow with relaxed power. It involves self-discipline and self-mastery, the same benefits you receive when you excel at anything, from gymnastics to basketball, from golf to being really good at your job. Those who do anything well are artists. They have "kung-fu."

The usefulness of a painting is the message it conveys and how it blends with its surroundings. The usefulness of a martial arts move is in the self-defense application.

A painting that is low quality to the eye of an art critic can go very well with a room's decor, and if you don't know what good art is, it might seem great to you. Remember the black velvet Elvis and the dogs playing poker?

An internal technique done poorly can still be effective in self-defense. But the skill of the painter in the brush strokes, the application of color and capturing the message he intends to convey -- that is the art, just as the connected, coordinated, flowing strength, and fajing of Bagua, Tai Chi and Hsing-I movements represent a more complete expression of skill.

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The Implied Kicks in Xingyi, Taiji, and Bagua - A Double Kick from Xingyi's Monkey

Ken-Gullette-Monkey-Kicks-1-2The internal arts are known for being a bit more "grounded" that some martial arts. I think first of Taekwondo, where folks leave themselves vulnerable when they do high kicks.

The kicks in Xingyi, Taiji and Bagua are not as high generally as some other arts, but they are there in every movement that involves a raised heel, a false stance ("cat stance"), and a lifted knee. Sometimes the kick is obviously a kick, sometimes it is not.

I just finished a DVD on one of my favorite forms -- Shi Er Xing ("12 Shapes") -- the advanced 12-animal form that I practice and have used in competition (and plan to do so again). Ken-Gullette-Monkey-Kicks-2-2In this form, several kicks are used, but in the final section of the form, involving Monkey, there is a jump -- inside that jump, two fast kicks are hiding.

In Photo 1, my opponent has come forward and I launch the first kick, leaping from the left leg and kicking with the right.

In Photos 2, 3 and 4, I am switching feet in mid-air, and in Photo 5 the 2nd kick hits as the right foot is about to land.

127 fighting applications from the form are demonstrated and discussed on the Shi Er Xing DVD, all with an emphasis on body mechanics.

Ken-Gullette-Monkey-Kicks-3-2In a real fighting situation, if I kick, there is one particular kick that I enjoy - it is about solar plexus level and involves scooting but it is very powerful, a real fight-ender. And I also would prefer to remain grounded.

But I remember back to 1973 -- forty years ago -- when I learned my first 10 sparring techniques from my first teacher, Sin The, in Lexington, Kentucky. Sparring technique number 10 involved a surprise move as the opponent attacked, and even though I stopped doing it later, I never saw it fail to work. 

Ken-Gullette-Monkey-Kicks-4-2When the opponent attacks, you leap into the air and scream. One hand is held at rib-level for protection and the other hand is straight up in the air. As your opponent cringes, you drop and bring the uplifted hand down on his big ol' head. It is an effective technique.

The double kick described and shown in this post is common in several martial arts. In one style I studied, it was called a Butterfly kick. It involves straight kicks, not crescent kicks or side kicks.

Whenever you do Tai Chi, Hsing-I or Bagua, look at the position of your legs. Very often, even Ken-Gullette-Monkey-Kicks-5-2during stepping, there are kicks and sweeps hidden in the movements. I try to uncover these in my various videos on my membership site and in my DVDs, but they are also fun to discover on your own.

Monkey Kung-Fu is its own style. It never appealed to me, but I enjoy the way Xingyi takes the 12 animals and incorporates their essence into fighting moves. This is one example.


Xingyi Advanced 12 Animal Form "Shi Er Xing" Now On DVD

Xingyi 12 animals DVDThere are 12 individual animal forms in our style of Hsing-I Chuan (Xingyiquan). We practice the individual forms and then combine the animals into an advanced form called "Shi Er Xing." Translated, that means "12 Shapes."

Shi Er Xing is a great form for practice, for developing your art, and for tournament competition. I've used it to win some big tournaments in black belt competition. It also contains outstanding self-defense applications.

The advanced form is now on DVD -- two hours of step-by-step instruction in the movements of the form and a clear demonstration and coaching for 127 self-defense applications from the form. The self-defense techniques include hand strikes, punches, knee strikes and kicks, elbow strikes, joint locks, sweeps and takedowns.

The 12 Animals include:

  1. Dragon
  2. Tiger
  3. Monkey
  4. Horse
  5. Chicken
  6. Water Lizard
  7. Harrier (Hawk or Sparrowhawk)
  8. Swallow
  9. Snake
  10. Chinese Ostrich
  11. Eagle
  12. Bear

With this video, my entire Xingyi curriculum is now on DVD. All the DVDs are available on this blog (see the column for DVDs on the right side of the page), on my two other sites, and on Amazon. I offer free shipping anywhere in the world on this blog and my other websites. Below is a short clip from the Shi Er Xing DVD.


Silk-Reeling Energy and Self-Defense: Strategic Handling of External Force

Yesterday, when my new Silk-Reeling Energy ebook was released through Amazon's Kindle, a couple of friends gave me grief for believing -- they thought -- in an invisible mystical energy that can't be measured by scientific methods.

Ken Gullette and Colin Frye
My partner attempts to do an armbar.
I laughed, because the use of the word "energy" throws off a lot of Westerners. Let me clarify. And as I do, I will show some photos of a self-defense application for one of the exercises that are described in the Silk-Reeling Energy ebook and on the Silk-Reeling DVD.

When the Chinese talk about a certain energy, such as the 8 Energies of Taiji, it is a bad translation when we think of it as a scientifically valid energy. Actually, it is a method or particular skill that helps you strategically handle external force that is applied to you -- a punch, for example.

Ken Gullette silk-reeling application
I begin spiraling the elbow away from his force.
Think of it like a good baseball hitter -- my hero Pete Rose, for example. Pete was not a gifted athlete, but he worked and practiced, even taking batting practice long after his other teammates left for the day. The result was a particular skill when he swung the bat. That could be called "bat jin," or "bat energy." The same would apply to a skilled carpenter who has a particular way he swings a hammer, based on years of practice building skill. There's nothing mystical about it.

So "energies" in Tai Chi, including peng, liu, ji, an, cai, tsai, kao, shou, and others -- are different strategic methods and skills used to handle external force directed at you. Some require you to deflect the force, some attack it, some grab and pluck it, some require shoulder or elbow deflections or strikes. All of the energies include peng.

Ken Gullette silk-reeling application
Spiraling over the opponent's arm as my hand locks his hand.
Silk-reeling energy is a spiraling movement that you practice in your forms, particularly Taiji and Bagua, but also in Hsing-I, the way we practice it. One of the exercises on the DVD and in the ebook is the Single Elbow Spiral. It can look a little silly to the uninitiated, rotating your hand and your elbow, but the photos here show how it is used in one instance -- when someone tries to put you into a joint lock called an armbar.

As my partner executes the technique, I spiral away from the direction of the force with the elbow, spiral down over the crook of his elbow, and then change directions to put him into an elbow lock. This type of movement, combined with fajing, can break an attacker very quickly. It's a close-up style of fighting that embodies the best of Taiji and Bagua -- taking his force, relaxing and deflecting it, and then countering using proper internal body mechanics and spiraling.

Ken Gullette silk reeling self defense
The spiraling locks my opponent's elbow

Silk-reeling energy, like all of the skills of the internal arts, are not intended to make you one with the Universe. The basic intention is a skillful physical strategy for overcoming an attack. Every movement in Taiji and Bagua is a silk-reeling exercise. As you practice your art, look for the spiraling in each movement, how it comes from the ground, and how each part of the body is involved in the spiraling. 

I love these arts. My own understanding of silk-reeling and its relationship to the other "energies" has grown in the past 15 years or so, and I pass along what I learn through my website, DVDs, ebooks, and this blog. Thanks for reading it.

The Silk-Reeling ebook is available through Amazon Kindle.

The Silk-Reeling DVD is available through Amazon or through my website (there is no shipping charge if you buy through my website).