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William C.C. Chen's Daughter Says I Am Arrogant

Body MechanicsWilliam C.C. Chen's daughter called me arrogant the other day. She also mentioned "gossip," and implied that I do not understand what I was reading.

At first, I couldn't believe it. Then, I thought it was funny. But the more I thought about it, the more bizarre and creepy it became.

Here is what happened.

I pulled a book from my martial arts library this weekend: "Body Mechanics of Tai Chi Chuan," by William C.C. Chen.

Since body mechanics is something I am very interested in, and somewhat knowledgeable about, I wanted to read his take on it. 

I respect all teachers, unless they claim supernatural powers. I have always heard very good things about William C.C. Chen. His name is among the most famous of American tai chi teachers. You have to admire someone who has done so much to spread tai chi in America.

On the back of the book, he writes, "My with the human body under the action of given forces and is based on practical physics such as body leverage and the hydraulic pressures which exist in our body."

Great! I opened the book and began to read it for his explanation of body mechanics.

The book is short. There is background on the art, including a disappointing section that attributes the origin of the art to Cheng San Feng, despite the fact that there is no evidence he existed. There seems to be a reluctance among some Yang style branches to admit that tai chi originated with the Chen family, although this book does mention Chen Changxing, who taught the family art to Yang Luchan.

The book briefly discusses relaxation, tension and developing speed, but before long it goes into photos of William C.C. Chen's 60-movement form. A step-by-step approach, with instruction such as "Shift weight to left leg 100%. Turn body 45 degrees to the right. Turn left foot out on heel 90 degrees. Extend left palm forward slightly, facing down."

But there was nothing about body mechanics. 

I put a photo of the book cover on my Internal Fighting Arts Facebook page and commented on how the book contains no mention of body mechanics. I did not insult Master Chen personally, it was a post about a book called "Body Mechanics of Tai Chi Chuan" that does not discuss body mechanics.

Isn't that fair? It was a very short review to let people know not to buy this book if you are looking for information on body mechanics.

Apparently, Tiffany Chen did not think it was fair. One of her friends tipped her off to the post. She wrote:

"Everyone's entitled to their opinion... however, if you're only looking for the words "body mechanics". Body Mechanics requires understanding the actual physics of movement and weight shifting of the body. Not everyone can grasp everyone's else's ideas, especially in writing. But, given the popularity of my father's book as a learning tool for those studying Tai Chi, this is just somebody's opinion with a few other people who agree and they are entitled to express that. Life is always filled with a rainbow of perspectives. People like to talk and most often people like to talk down about the accomplishments of others because it makes them feel good. We all have our own medicine. Mine is listening, learning, always finding a reason to smile and moving on. Thank you for bringing this to my attention Brian Sherman. I was raised to only speak when there was something nice to say and just to work hard, so that's what I do. Gossip always reminds me of my Father's Golden Words."

I have always heard that her father is a very nice man. Another visitor to the Facebook page mentioned that her father never said a negative word about anyone. She replied:

"Yes, this is very true... his humble, golden nature is how he approaches anything and everything in life. He has never spoken a negative word about anyone ever and he never tolerates anyone speaking negatively about anyone else, he simply says "it's ok, maybe we just don't understand, doesn't mean anyone is wrong". I just don't appreciate the arrogance of those who will very opinionatedly speak on my father and our method without ever having met any of us or visited our school... it's quite a lofty thing to wear your eyes so high on your head. Then again, maybe this how people motivate themselves to do better than others, so if that is the goal here, then great. Perhaps I just don't understand..."

I was simply astounded, and so I asked Ms. Chen to let me know which parts of the book contained information about body mechanics and I would apologize if I was wrong, but she did not respond to my request.

I read her comments again, and realized that she did not directly address me. That struck me as incredibly passive-aggressive.

Then I went onto Amazon and checked out the user reviews of the book. There were some 2-star reviews that indicated there was nothing about body mechanics in the book.

For some reason, Ms. Chen had not replied to those people to tell them how arrogant they are for spreading "gossip."

Here is how a review works. You write a book, make a DVD, record a song, produce a movie or a play, and people review it. It is even better when someone who knows the subject (body mechanics of tai chi, for example) writes a review of it. Does the book live up to its title? Does the title even apply to the contents? Should tai chi students invest in the book?

A review typically serves as a heads-up to potential customers. It did not discuss her father personally or his "method." 

I studied Yang style for more than a decade. I won a gold medal at the 1990 AAU Kung Fu National Championships performing the Yang 24 form. I have studied Chen style and its body mechanics for nearly 20 years. That is a total of 30 years studying, practicing, competing with and teaching tai chi.

So here is how Ms. Chen could have responded to my short review that included no personal criticism of her father or his art whatsoever.

She should have said something like, "I am sorry my father's book did not meet your expectations. Let me suggest a couple of other of his books or videos that will have the information you are seeking."

And then tell me which books or videos have information on body mechanics.

The honest thing to do would be to admit, "Yes, the book is a lot more about the 60-movement form than it is about body mechanics." 

Boom! That would not be difficult, would it?

But martial arts is a lot like religion. Teachers become deities. If you dare criticize their work, you are seen as attacking them personally, along with each and every student. And this is especially true if you are an "outsider." It's us versus them, don't you know? We are the best and naturally, nobody else understands what we are doing. Right?

Shame on them. That attitude does nothing positive for your art, and it certainly does not honor your instructor.

I believe in real-world discussions, martial artist to martial artist. No instructor deserves to be stroked when they are phoning it in, and that includes any instructor. By the way, I have learned face-to-face from some Chen instructors whose DVDs contain virtually no real instruction. That is why I began making DVDs. I was tired of buying videos that left me with more questions than I had before. I was tired of tai chi books that delved more into woo-woo than reality. 

But the entire point of my post is very simple. If I buy a James Bond book, I expect 007 to make an appearance in the story. If I buy a book on refrigerator repair, I expect to get some pointers about how to fix my refrigerator. 

And if I buy a book called "Body Mechanics of Tai Chi Chuan," and body mechanics are not discussed, it is worth a heads-up to other potential buyers.

I still believe what I hear about William C.C. Chen being a nice man, but he should have called his book "Instruction for the 60-Movement Form" instead of "Body Mechanics of Tai Chi Chuan."

So, dear readers, would you like to learn about the body mechanics of Tai Chi Chuan?

You can learn about body mechanics in depth from Mike Sigman's videos and written materials. He was a major influence on me. And you won't find any woo-woo in his instruction.

You will also learn about body mechanics in depth in my Internal Strength and Silk-Reeling DVDs, and in every DVD that I produce. And if you don't like a purchase you make from me for any reason, even if you simply think I am ugly and my mother dresses me funny, just send it back and I will refund your money, and I will not criticize you personally. I will not call you arrogant, accuse you of gossip, or accuse you of not understanding what I am teaching.

No. When I receive negative critiques of my work, I think about it and think about how to make it better next time. And if the critique is accurate, as mine was, the honest response from someone who is secure about their art would be to say, "Yes, you might be right about that."

Wouldn't that be the type of emotional balance that would honor an art such as Tai Chi Chuan, and an instructor as accomplished as William C.C. Chen?

Update to this Post - October 22, 2018 -- After reading William C.C. Chen's book, which did not cover body mechanics of Tai Chi, and after realizing how little has been written in plain language about the body mechanics of this powerful art, I spent a few months in 2018 writing my own book.

The aim is to explain and teach six key body mechanics that provide the foundation of Tai Chi, Bagua and Xingyi.

The book is called "Internal Body Mechanics for Tai Chi, Bagua and Xingyi." It is available on Amazon for international customers, and if you are in the U.S. you can get it from this blog (click this link to go to the book page) or through my website at (click this link to go to the book page). 

The book costs $24.99 and if you find it teaches you nothing about body mechanics, return it to me for a prompt refund (and I will not call you arrogant if you do).  :)



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Ken, just found your site today.
I feel you have misunderstood William C.C. Chen’s book on “Body Mechanics.”
I have known him since 1968.
His title is a correct title in this sense, which you seem to have missed. Tai Chi is Body Mechanics. That is in order to learn it, the body has to be “reworked” to give it stability, root, relaxation, etc. etc. Thus, he is not, and was not, teaching body mechanics as you seem to have in mind. That part comes in his classes and workshops. Tai Chi is the body mechanics he is talking about By learning Tai Chi then, one is learning the body mechanics of proper movement. Hopefully, you may get the point.
I interviewed William C. C. Chen on my Public Access TV show, and Chen Xaiowang. (Two extremely fine Chinese gentlemen of high caliber.) When Chen Xaiowang was in my city at that time, so were officials from mainland China representing the martial arts of China. They told me at the time, there were three Tai Chi teachers in the West that were highly respected in their circle, and were the top three in the West. Robert W. Smith, Ben Lo, and Wm. C. C. Chen. Perhaps they knew a thing or two that many in the West don’t see.


Hi Bob,
Have you read the book? If you do, please show me in the book where it explains how to rework the body to develop effective body mechanics.

Having practiced tai chi for more than 30 years now, both Yang and Chen style, I can explain and demonstrate the body mechanics of tai chi to you in five minutes. He does not do that at all in a book titled "Body Mechanics." That was the point of my initial review.

It is easy to dismiss me as someone who "missed it." In fact, I don't find that to be a very humble reaction. As an award-winning journalist, writer, and a martial artist for 45 years, I am qualified to give an honest and accurate review of an internal arts book. If you are going to write a book called "Body Mechanics of Tai Chi Chuan," you should explore the topic in at least some detail. It is a very simple expectation. If the book is only to be used as a come-on to lure people to your classes, it should be titled differently.

If someone bought one of my ebooks or DVDs, and told me it did not teach them what I promised in the title, I would apologize, refund their money, and think about how I could revise the work. But that's just me. It would be easier for me to simply reply, "You just don't get it."


Thanks for replying.
Yes, it appears you have missed the point. You seem to be looking at the subject from your point of view.
I have the book, and never thought of looking at it as you proposed.
The book is teaching the basics of Tai Chi, which to William Is the embodiment of body mechanics.. So, his little book is exactly about body mechanics as William intended. He equates Tai Chi as body mechanics. You appear to mean something different, i.e. the inner physical description of what is going on. It is simply a matter of definition. William Chen’s definition of body mechanics is Tai Chi.
And, having taught Tai Chi since 1970’s myself, the bodies of students
are “reworked” from being klutzs in movement to stable bodies. That’s a major change in “body mechanics.”
When I began Tai Chi my body moved in a tense, stressed way. Today it doesn’t. So my body mechanics have changed. I move different.
Also, just a little technical point, the book is Body mechanics OF Tai Chi. That is, of DOING Tai Chi. So, the book shows the basic movements of the body mechanics FORM of Tai Chi.
Be that as it may, the teaching of the three sisters has become today what Bob Smith predicted in one of our classes in 1972-74.
Relax and listen he kept reminding the students.
Oh, the book does teach what the title says, just as your books do. Just a difference in understanding of terms.


Thanks, Bob. You are a good man.

Robert Morris

Wow!! Your are holding on to this issue about Williams book not having anything about "Body Mechanics" like a dog with a bone it refuses to relinquish. I think you have missed the point. Please understand I respect your work(s) but calling someone passive aggressive because your not hearing exactly the words you want to seems a bit obsessive. I think both Tiffany and Bob gave adequate explanations of Master Chens intention. I have known him for over 40 years and he is a man of sometimes sparse verbiage when writing. But if you haven't had the opportunity to experience him in person you are missing out on n instructive perspective on Tai Chi and , for that matter, the world. He becomes extremely engaged and passionate when teaching and he can be really funny. I notice your comment about Chang San Feng, clearly a mythical character and Chen village being the birthplace of Tai Chi. I believe that is true. But I also believe that lineage was lost and contemporary Chen style(s) are an amalgamation of a variety of Tai Chi principles and perhaps some Northern Shaolin influence as well. Studying for 40+ years I have heard endless nonsense about the origins, the politics, the "my style is better or more authentic than yours." Blah blah. Anyone who gets wrapped up in that has missed the point completely. The only thing that matters is your practice. Today, now. And hopefully tomorrow we have learned a little more. It's not the content but the intent with which this beautiful art form is approached. Again, my deepest respect for you and your work.

Ken Gullette

Robert, I wrote this blog post back in December, 2017. almost a year ago. I rarely even think about it, much less hold onto it like a dog with a bone.

I did, however, write my own book this year: "Internal Body Mechanics for Tai Chi, Bagua and Xingyi." It is available on Amazon or on my sites.

I invite anyone to compare the two books and then tell me which one teaches what the title promises. As you can tell from my comments above, and my original post, the time you spent with Master Chen and your thoughts of him as a person are missing the point, which simply was this: does the book teach what it promises? My answer as a student of the internal arts is "no." That's all. A simple review of one book.

Your comment, coming almost a year later, makes me think of the two monks who were walking along a trail and saw a young woman standing by a shallow river, afraid to cross. One of the monks picked her up, carried her across, and left her standing on the opposite bank. She thanked him and the monks walked on.

Monks are not supposed to touch young women, so his fellow monk was seething with anger. After they had walked another mile, he turned and said, "I can't believe you touched that young woman and carried her across the river."

His fellow monk replied, "Oh, the young woman back there? I dropped her by the river. Why are you still carrying her?"

I dropped Tiffany and William C.C. Chen's book last December. I moved forward and wrote a book this year that I believe focused information that has not been into a book up to this point, hopefully for the benefit of all styles of internal artists.

Then I dropped it all and moved on, and now I'm working on other exciting concepts. Come with me.

Mike Q

I have always viewed the book as an aide or a guide to his teaching. Based on conversations that I have been lucky enough to have participated with him I have come to the conclusion that he has spent a good deal of his life trying to demystify the power of the art by studying body mechanics and physics. At the age of 80 plus and still trying to learn, understand, and convey his knowledge is an indication of the dedication of this man to the art he has studied. There is no doubting his lineage, skill, or dedication. I will say that Grandmaster Chen is one of the nicest, humblest, and gracious men I have ever met and my life is richer for having known him and participating in his training. This is not something I can say about many of the "masters" I have met or read about in the Chinese Martial Arts community.

Ken Gullette

I am sure you are right, Mike. From everything I have seen, he seems to be a wonderful man. The book turned out to be a guide for a form, not body mechanics. A better title would have been "Instruction for the 56-Movement Form."

Joe shmoe

Body Mechanics is a form learning guide for Master Chen’s students
The parts of his writings about the differential between relaxation and tension and the power in the bullets is part of his physics concept. The weighting and shifting and breathing in the form part of the book is part of the body mechanics information as
well. Perhaps what’s missing for you is the real life experience you would get with Master Chen’s instruction where as the book would make sense to you as it was meant to be a support for his teaching. Aloha

Ken Gullette

Joe, I think what's missing from anyone who believes this book represents body mechanics is a fundamental understanding of body mechanics. I'm sure a real life experience with William would be enlightening. Unfortunately, when he has come to my area it is kept secret. The problem with a book like this is that his students will say "this IS body mechanics." And they will believe that it is. That's fine. It doesn't affect my life. After all, I have the courage to put my name on my blog. You can comment again if you find the courage to use your real name. Until then, keep working on those body mechanics, Mr. Schmoe. :)

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